Jair Bolsonaro, who was discharged last Wednesday after being hospitalized for a belly operation for 17 days, will present to Congress next Wednesday, the definitive proposal for the reform of pensions. The president opted for a minimum age of sixty two years for women and sixty five for men, with a transition period of 12 years.
Currently, the law allows women to retire with 30 years of contributions and men with 35 without there being any age limit for it, so there are cases in which people with just 50 years can already receive this benefit.
One of the most complicated fronts is that of public employees, who have a differentiated regime, but above all the military, who contribute less than half of any other worker and their daughters single women continue to receive the benefit after the death of the father of the Armed Forces.
No other details, such as the years of contributions needed to obtain a partial or full pension benefit, have been disclosed.
Economy Minister Paulo Guedes said last week that he hoped that the reform, demanded for years by investors to clean up the deficit public accounts, would save one trillion reais in a decade (about 270,000 million dollars).
The Secretary of Pensions of the Ministry of Economy, Rogério Marinho said that the government expects the Congress to approve “e breve” the project that will be presented to you this week.
“I would like to not make any pension reform, but we are obliged to do it, because, otherwise, Brazil will go bankrupt in 2022 or 2023,” Bolsonaro said last week.
Currently, there are two types of retirement in Brazil – with different ranges of benefits – that are calculated according to the years of contribution or for a combination of years of contributions with the worker’s age.
The main retirement funds – for the private sector and for public officials – accumulated in 2018 a deficit of 292,000 million reales (seventy nine.940 million dollars, at the average change of that year), equivalent to four, 25% of GDP . In 2011, it represented 2.1% of GDP.
Bolsonaro has in principle a majority constituted by the parties of several parties to approve this constitutional reform, which requires a three-fifths majority of the seats in both the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.
The unions put the cry in the sky. “This reform is worse than that presented by the government of Michel Temer,” complained the head of the Single Central Workers (CUT), Vagner Freitas, while Força Sindical argued that the worker must work ten years more than now to collect the retirement with the initiative of Bolsonaro.
But the impulse with which the president came to power on January 1 was compromised in recent weeks by dissent and corruption allegations.
The last front was opened this week when its Minister of the Secretariat Same outdated of the Presidency, Gustavo Bebianno, was involved in a supposed scheme to launch little-known candidates of the Liberal Social Party (PSL, Bolsonaro’s party) for the sole purpose to receive electoral funds.
Bebianno, who as president of the PSL was one of the main articulators of Bolsonaro’s campaign, tried to minimize the disaster and stated that he had talked several times with the president before he left the hospital in San Pablo where the stock exchange was withdrawn. colostomy that he carried since the attack with a dagger he suffered last September.
But Carlos Bolsonaro, one of the president’s three sons dedicated to politics (he is a councilor from Rio de Janeiro), released a recording last week in which his father apparently refuses to talk to Bebianno. And then he denied in a tweet the existence of those contacts. Bolsonaro himself gave his reason a little later, stating that Bebianno “lies”.
And the president of the Chamber of Deputies, Rodrigo Maia, said that the president is using his family instead of “leading a solution” to this disaster.
“Any party president could go through that. Transforming it into a disaster within the Planalto Palace, I think it is a very big risk for a government that needs to show leadership, unity, because it will have important challenges, beginning with the reform of pensions, “Maia told GloboNews.
When asked if these situations could hinder the approval of pension reform, Marinho replied: “We are working for the Retirement and Brazil can not stop.”
Source: AFP and EFE
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